The Supreme Court Also Reviewed Ineffective Assistance Claims

Where the Tories and UKIP and others fail on their plans to withdraw from the ECHR shows their utter ignorance of the Convention a British Government signed and ratified. Firstly, getting out temporarily, as Theresa May suggested. Also, we MAY not do that, we either go completely or we stay. There is no option to do what she suggested. As for leaving (denouncing the Convention) yes, that can be done, BUT if we did, all and any matters which arose before the date of denunciation would still come within the jurisdiction of the Court, we signed up to that. So, from our accession date to the date of denunciation, cases would go to Strasbourg. And there would be no British judge on the Court, and I’m not even sure about representation by the UK is such cases brought before the Court. Ah, change the HRA 1998 or have a Bill of Rights. Hmmm but nothing can result in people having less rights than they have under the ECHR, although the Bill could add or strengthen rights. They all talk about subsidiarity. Make decisions here. Well the ECHR is designed precisely to do that.

So when we incorporated A’s1-12 and 14 into the HRA 1998, why did we omit A13? That is the article that specifies subsidiarity for allegations of breaches of rights under the ECHR by stipulating that states parties will set up national tribunals for that very purpose. Only after cases have gone through these should cases go to Strasbourg. So why was this not done? Presumably, as it took the UK 50 years even to get to the HRA 1998, it is that vexed issue of parliamentary sovereignty. This is thorny but in my view an amendment to the HRA 1998 would incorporate A13, (defining it either as a new body or assigning that function to existing Courts as defined – e.g. High, Appeal, Supreme?). If Parliament decided not to change the law, then the Court would make a suitable declaration of non-resolution and the plaintiff would then be at liberty to take the case to Strasbourg. I think also one could leave the Declaration of Incompatibility to judges but perhaps allow them in lower courts than the High upwards.

However, even those who are considered as immigrants, and properly documented as such, are affected by the racial discrimination prevailing in the workplace. Salaries offered are much lower, working conditions are less favorable, and opportunities for advancement are hardly offered. Labor unions particularly in the agricultural sector fought long and hard for the recognition of the rights of the migrant and seasonal workers. The government recognized the value of these workers, since more and more Americans have shown less interest in working at the farms. This agency is tasked to investigate any claims of discrimination and to mediate between union and management on any conflicts regarding such issues or to penalize companies who are in direct violation of the Civil Rights Act provisions. Labor unions ensure the protection of their members by trying to secure the best deal for their union members before their work contracts expire. The most recent issues that union leaders have raised against employers are the trade agreements entered into by management to developing countries for offshore or outsourced jobs. Most companies see this as a way of reducing labor costs since dollar wages are less than what they pay for American workers, when converted into the foreign country’s minimum wage equivalent. Local American workers are losing jobs as a result of downsizing efforts; but on the other hand, work is transferred to offshore workers, which union leaders strongly oppose. However, unionism in the private sector has dwindled and is no longer as strongly heard as before. This particular conflict between the labor and management is currently unaddressed since there are still conflicting views about its economic benefits.

An Orange County judge has once again read the riot act to rival factions of Satmar Hasidim after an order he issued on Friday touched off a synagogue brawl. The case before him stems from a bitter power struggle between two sons of the Satmar grand rebbe, Moses Teitelbaum, and their followers. One son, Aaron Teitelbaum, leads the dominant Kiryas Joel congregation; his brother, Zalman, is chief rabbi in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn. Rosenwasser caused an uproar Friday by demanding proof that Aaron ally Berl Friedman had been expelled from the Williamsburg congregation, where he had been president. Both sides read the order as a decisive victory for Aaron’s side. On Tuesday morning, shortly before worship to celebrate the holiday of Simchas Torah, Friedman marched into the Williamsburg synagogue with a crowd of Aaron supporters and security guards. What came next was a brawl, broken up by police in riot gear. Police returned to the synagogue that night and arrested a couple dozen young men who wouldn’t leave.

Now I’m asking you to feel sorry for Assistant Attorney General Katherine Hayes. It was Bunn’s job, I wrote, to go “with a straight face” before the U.S. She had to admit that prosecutors had stood silent while two key witnesses lied under oath during Banks’ two-day trial in 1980 for the murder of a 16-year-old co-worker. The justices were not receptive. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Justice Anthony M. Kennedy. The arguments advanced by Bunn had worked at the prosecution-oriented U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals, but Bunn found no sympathy at the Supreme Court. It took that body — including archconservatives Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas — just 10 weeks to issue a stinging slap to the state of Texas and to the 5th Circuit. The court sent the case back down, ordering a full examination of the facts to determine whether Banks should get a new trial. It also overturned the death sentence. After examining the evidence and hearing arguments from both sides, U.S. District Judge David Folsom of Texarkana ruled that Banks must be either retried or freed.

He noted that Charles Cook was a key witness at the trial, being the only witness to testify that Banks had said he killed the victim and the only one to provide a motive. It is undisputed that on the stand Cook said three times he had not talked to anyone before giving his testimony. For 16 years, prosecutors hid proof that Cook was lying. For example, a number of things Cook said during that session differed from the statements he had given originally, the kinds of inconsistencies defense attorneys thrive on. What’s more, Cook admitted on the stand he had been convicted of felony assault but “forgot” who the victim was. Yet during the coaching session a few days earlier he had identified her as a schoolteacher. Prosecutors didn’t want the jurors knowing their star witness beat up schoolteachers. A major argument amounts to raising a technicality. The state argues that Banks’ attorneys didn’t give proper notice that they were using the coaching transcript in their case. Having hidden the damning transcript for 16 years, prosecutors are saying defense attorneys aren’t playing fair. Both a federal magistrate and Judge Folsom ruled that proper notice was given when Banks’ attorneys, without objection from the state, introduced the transcript at an earlier hearing and asked witnesses numerous questions about it. There’s a better course. Shouldn’t Attorney General Greg Abbott, whose job presumably bears some relationship to the pursuit of justice, be chastising prosecutors for breaking the law rather than defending them?

25.00 overnight fee). Up to three separate recipients may be specified on each request. All requests for certificates will be handled within five business days. Click here to order your certificate of good standing online. 41363 for further instructions. Attorney licenses are issued after the Board of Law Examiners has certified to the Supreme Court that applicants have passed the bar exam or otherwise are eligible for bar membership. When you receive notice from the board that you have been certified, follow the directions in its letter to register and pay your bar dues and license fee. After you pay your bar dues and license fee, an email will be sent containing instructions with a web address and a username/password to facilitate the online ordering of your pre-paid wall certificate and optional frame to display your achievement. Please be sure to monitor your emails, including your spam folder, for an email from Adding this email to your address book will help ensure receipt.

Your license should be mailed within 6-8 weeks. Do not send us the oath that you are administered. It must be affixed to the back of your license. For a copy of the oath or alternative oath click on one of the links below. 2. provide a copy of a valid, government-issued identification card such as a driver’s license, social security card or passport. 25 check or money order payable to the “Clerk of the Supreme Court.” You may not pay for a new law license with a credit card – only checks are accepted for a new license. After your name change has been processed an email will be sent containing instructions with a web address and a username/password to facilitate the online ordering of your pre-paid wall certificate and optional frame to display your law license certificate. Please be sure to monitor your emails, including your spam folder, for an email from Adding this email to your address book will help ensure receipt. If you want a new bar card with the new name on it, you will need to return your old bar card.

[PLEASE NOTE: When paying by check for both the law license and the bar card, two separate checks are required, as described above. You may wish to keep your current law license with your old name on it and just have a new bar card issued. ], and return your old bar card. Please allow approximately two weeks for processing. If your license was lost you will need to send a notarized affidavit, stating to that fact. If your license was damaged, you will need to return the damaged license back to the Court. 25. Please make the check or money order payable to Clerk, Supreme Court of Texas. A new license WILL NOT be issued if you do not provide the Court with either a notarized affidavit or the damaged license. An email will be sent containing instructions with a web address and a username/password to facilitate the online ordering of your pre-paid replacement wall certificate and optional frame to display your law license certificate. Please be sure to monitor your emails, including your spam folder, for an email from

The Court only issues one original license, but the Court does provide the option of purchasing a Ceremonial License Certificate. The Ceremonial License Certificate is the same size as the original license (16×20). The main difference is the Ceremonial License Certificate is only signed by the Clerk of the Court. To purchase a Ceremonial License Certificate you will need to send a request in writing. 25.00. Please make the check or money order payable to Clerk, Supreme Court of Texas. An email will be sent containing instructions with a web address and a username/password to facilitate the online ordering of your pre-paid Ceremonial License Certificate and optional frame to display your Ceremonial License Certificate. Please be sure to monitor your emails, including your spam folder, for an email from Adding this email to your address book will help ensure receipt. Please read the above. 1. If you’re having trouble reading the Credit Card Authorization form in your browser, please download the form to your PC and fill it out there.

Vicky Patterson worked as a cleaner for Simply Holidays, a company which owned property including two caravans at Beach Holiday Park, Kessingland, in Suffolk. She was charged with two offences of theft of money paid to the company. One offence was dated 4th March 2016 and the second dated 27th February 2017. In both cases the amount in question was £140. Magistrates at Great Yarmouth heard a submission of “no case to answer” and agreed that there was not a case to answer. ] EWHC 2820 (Admin) – Sir Brian Leveson P and Mrs Justice McGowan. ] QB 1053. It was a “two-stage” or “two limb” test. In the Vicky Patterson case, Sir Brian Leveson noted (paras. ] QB 1053, the approach to dishonesty was twin tracked. First, the fact-finder must ask whether in its judgment the conduct complained of was dishonest by the lay objective standards of ordinary reasonable and honest people. Second, if so, whether the defendant must have realised that ordinary honest people would so regard his behaviour. 2. These observations were clearly obiter, and as a matter of strict precedent the court is bound by Ghosh, although the Court of Appeal could depart from that decision without the matter returning to the Supreme Court.

During the most recently ended 2004 term, the United States Supreme Court handed down several rulings of interest to habeas and capital defense practitioners. In Roper v. Simmons, the Court decided that the execution of juvenile offenders violates the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment. 125 S.Ct. 1183 (2005). The practical impact of the opinion was to remove seventy-two people from deathrow. The opinion is important (and also controversial) because it relies upon international law in holding that execution of juvenile offenders violates standards of decency. Also, the opinion is significant because it relies upon mental health evidence showing the juvenile brain is not completely formed and thus decision making ability is diminished. Practitioners undoubtedly will use the reasoning of Simmons to argue the Eight Amendment bans execution of the severely mentally ill. The Supreme Court also reviewed ineffective assistance claims. In Rompilla v. Beard, the Court held that in a death penalty case, counsel has an absolute duty to review court records regarding prior convictions which may be used in aggravation. 125 S.Ct. 2456 (2005). The Court relied heavily upon ABA Standards for Criminal Justice in determining counsel’s duty. In Florida v. Nixon, on the other hand, the Court refused to find per se ineffectiveness in a capital case, where counsel conceded guilt without his client’s permission. Two Batson claims were well-received by the Court. In Miller-El v. Dretke, the Supreme Court granted deathrow inmate Miller-El a new trial in light of the strong evidence of racial bias during jury selection. The Court also addressed several highly technical procedural issues regarding the Anti-Terrorism Effective Death Penalty Act. Those cases will be discussed in a future post.

To obtain a child support order in New York, you need to file a complaint or petition for child support in either the Family Court or the Supreme Court. Usually, child support cases are filed in the county where you and the minor child live. However, you can also commence a child support proceeding in the county where the child’s noncustodial parent (typically the father) resides. Choosing the Appropriate Court for a New York Child Support Proceeding – Family vs. If you are not married to the other parent, your child support proceeding must be filed in Family Court. If you and the other parent are married, you also have the opposition of requesting a child support order in Supreme Court in conjunction with a divorce case. Because of the complex procedural requirements associated with Supreme Court proceedings, you should strongly consider retaining a New York child support lawyer if you are considering Supreme Court.

There are substantial differences between Family Court and Supreme Court. If you intend to proceed pro se (i.e., without an attorney), you will generally find Family Court far more user-friendly. The vast majority of Family Court litigants do not have attorneys. Also, in Family Court, proceedings are frequently conducted by support magistrates or referees, rather than judges. In practice, this means that the procedure is less formal. Often, evidentiary rules that are strictly applied in Supreme Court are applied less stringently in Family Court. In Family Court, you do not need to pay a filing fee. 210.00 Index Number Fee for filing a new case. However, the Index Number fee can be waived upon a showing of financial need. The legal forms and procedures for beginning a support case are much easier in Family Court than in Supreme Court. A support proceeding in Family Court is commenced by the filing of a simple petition.

The Family Court’s clerk’s office has fillable forms that you can use. There is no requirement that you state a particular amount of support to be paid. The Family Court has the power, irrespective of the amount demanded, to grant an appropriate amount based on the proof presented at a hearing. Finally, Family Court support proceedings are also easier than Supreme Court proceedings because in Family Court, the court itself will issue the summons. In Supreme Court, you will need to prepare your own summons. When you file your support petition, the court clerk will provide you with copies of the summons and petition, which should be personally served on the respondent by a New York resident other than yourself. If you believe that the non-custodial parent may try to evade or deny service of process, you should strongly consider hiring licensed New York process server. Regardless of which court you select, there are certain basic rules of law that apply to all New York child support cases. First and foremost, only a custodial parent is entitled to support.

Under New York law, you are the custodial parent only if you have physical custody of the child a majority of the time. This rigid rule has survived various legal challenges. Other states are more flexible, and recognize that parents with physical custody less than 50% of the time may, in certain situations, be awarded support. This is not the case in New York. You can only be awarded support for a child if you have custody, which is rigidly interpreted as having physical custody. Generally, the obligation of the non-custodial parent to pay support for a child continues until the child reaches the age of 21 or if he or she is emancipated at an earlier date. The amount of child support payable by the noncustodial parent is generally determined by a law known as the New York State Child Support Standards Act (CSSA). The CSSA includes a formula based on the parents’ incomes and the number of children. In addition to the percentages of “basic child support” provided for under the CSSA guidelines, the noncustodial parent is also required to contribute to work-related daycare expenses, out-of-pocket medical expenses, and, in certain instances, educational expenses. A copy of the CSSA child support guidelines is available on the website of the New York State Unified Court System. Because support procedures are complex, you should strongly consider meeting with a New York family law attorney prior to commencing a case. You should also review the support guidelines that are provided, free of charge, by the New York court system.

The Northern India holds a great history and glory which connects its people’s present to their past. The Northern part of India includes gorgeous locations which are liked by national and international tourists. The Northern part of India includes hill stations, pilgrimages and places of historical and cultural importance. These places make India the cherished destination among tourists even from outside borders. There are different places which are considered as the jewel of Northern India. Kashmir, Nainital, Shimla, Lucknow, Vrindavan, Mathura, Amritsar etc. are few places which lure the Northern India. Apart from these beautiful destinations there is Golden Triangle Trip. Golden Triangle Trip is recognised for its key attractions and cultural value. The Golden Triangle Trip of Northern India involves major cities of the country like Delhi, Jaipur and Agra. These three cities are considered to be the most attractive destination among the tourists. It provides with the best locations of the country, its delicious cuisine and of course its heart whelming culture and tradition that attracts tourists from all over to globe to the mysterious country like India.

The key attractions of the famous Golden Triangle Tour cities include various monuments and architectural structures along with the enriching value of culture of every city it covers. Delhi the first place of the Golden Triangle Tour involves great historical monuments and other eye-catching places. Situated on the banks of river Yamuna, Delhi houses many important building of the country India. Jaipur is the next tour of Golden Triangle Tour. The royal city is known as the Pink city and is the capital of Rajasthan which is known as the India’s royal state. The city of Jaipur is very well known for its Forts and palaces. Golden Triangle Tour and Agra is the favoured destination among tourists both national and international as it houses the most beautiful monument of the world. Taj Mahal was built during the rule of Mughals. It was made by Shah Jahan who in the love and memory of his third wife Mumtaj Mahal built the astonishing model of love. The famous Taj Mahal is a great instance of Indian, Persian and Turkish architecture done by Mughal Emperor. It took many years for Taj Mahal to be built, this is probably the reason it is the most admired mausoleum in the entire globe. The dedication of Emperor and the hard work of the workers and architects involve in the making of Taj Mahal today makes this the beautiful masterpiece of architecture in the entire world. There are other places in Agra which are of great historical significance like Red Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.

The Illinois workers compensation lawyers deals with any type case associated with compensation of workers. There are specific types of laws for various work groups. Before introduction of such type of law the workers had only two options to choose from. The first option was either they put up the case and then get money or for injuries they have to pay from their own pocket. In both cases the workers had to suffer the most. The compensation law for the worker is designed in such a way that it would protect the worker who gets injured at the workplace. According to the compensation act for the workers, Supreme Court has declared that employer should provide definite compensation for the injured employees. To file a compensation case a worker should take the help of the Illinois worker compensation lawyer. These lawyers know how to fill the application for adjusting the claim.