By 1789 All Supreme Court Judges Were Lawyers

In 1777 the first Vermont Constitution established courts of justice in every county. At its first session in 1778, the General Assembly created special temporary courts to hear cases. At a later session that same year, the Legislature established the Superior Court. The Superior Court had a chief judge and four other judges chosen each year by the governor, the Governor’s Council, and the House of Representatives. The superior court judges met four times a year for a week at a time in four different locations around the state. Decisions of the Superior Court could be appealed to the governor, the Governor’s Council, and the House of Representatives. In 1782 the Legislature reorganized the Vermont court system and established courts in each county. Each court had one chief judge and four or five assistant judges elected by county voters. The Legislature abolished the Superior Court and created the Supreme Court. Each year the Legislature elected the Supreme Court’s five judges. The Supreme Court judges met in each county once during the year. The Supreme Court and the county courts heard many of the same types of cases.

Litigants could appeal cases tried in the county courts to the Supreme Court. Before 1786 many of Vermont’s judges were not lawyers. Judicial candidates simply tended to have strong common sense and a record of military or community service. The first lawyer was elected to serve on the Supreme Court in 1786. By 1789 all Supreme Court judges were lawyers. In 1797 the Legislature required Supreme Court judges to put each decision in writing and to have the court clerk record the opinions. In 1823 the Legislature appointed a reporter to collect and officially publish the decisions of the Vermont Supreme Court. The Vermont court system was reorganized again in 1825. Although voters in each county continued to elect two assistant judges, the Supreme Court judges became the presiding judges in county courts. Each Supreme Court judge traveled to various counties during the year to hear cases. The judges had duties in county courts and served as the Vermont Supreme Court when all the judges sat together for Supreme Court terms. In 1906 the Legislature changed the number of judges and separated their functions. The Supreme Court consisted of four judges who held hearings, or “terms,” in Montpelier. Supreme Court judges no longer had to travel to the county courts. In 1908 the size of the Supreme Court was set at five judges. It has remained the same since then. In 2010 the Legislature unified the court system into a single Superior Court, under control of the Supreme Court. The Superior Court has five divisions—civil, criminal, environmental, family, and probate. Each division has a unit in each county, except for the environmental division, which is a single statewide unit.

Rhode Island enacted the Rhode Island Health Insurance Continuation Act. This act allows some ex spouses to remain on their ex husband or ex wives health insurance after Final Judgment of Divorce. However, this act has been watered down by recent case law out of the Federal Court District of Rhode Island. Rhode Island Has enacted the Rhode Island Health Insurance Continuation act. This act allows a person to remain on their ex-husband or ex-wives health Insurance after Final Judgment of Divorce. The case of Duclos v. General Dynamics Corp., 12 E.B.C. 2648 (D.R.I. 1990) stands for the proposition that The Rhode Island health Insurance Continuation act is Preempted by ERISA. ERISA is a Federal Statute. Under Common Law, if a federal statute and state statute relate to similar topics, Federal Law may preempt state law. Quoted from Charles Shulman, Esq. Despite the Duclos ruling, many Rhode Island Employers allow an ex spouse to remain on health insurance coverage after Final Judgment of Divorce.

Many employers are prohibiting ex spouses from coverage after final Judgment of Divorce relying on the Duclos case. My Understanding is that Blue Cross Blueshield of Rhode Island allows an ex spouse to remain on health insurance after Final Judgment of Divorce. During the pendency of the divorce, the parties should determine the employers policy and procedures related to continuation of coverage after Final Judgment of Divorce. If possible, they should seek the company policy in writing from the Companies benefits administrator. The Obligations of Rhode Island based companies to comply with the Rhode Island Health Insurance Continuation Act is beyond the scope of this Article. If the person with Health Insurance loses their job, or goes to another employer then the ex spouse will probably lose health Insurance coverage. If either party (husband or wife) remarries than the ex spouse may lose Health Insurance coverage. David Slepkow also represents clients in RI Restraining Orders, dcyf matters, Adoption, Paternity, Child Visitation, Post Divorce, Relocation, Out of State Family Law matters, Contempt, RI Slip and Fall and Trip and Fall. Please visit: Rhode Island Personal Injury and Car Accident Law Articles and also see: Rhode Island Child Support Law.

Also please visit: Rhode Island Divorce Lawyer Written Articles and Rhode Island Auto, Vehicle & Car Accident Law Articles. Rhode Island RI Law Information Center. Rhode Island Child Support Lawyer Written Articles. The Rhode Island Supreme Court licenses all lawyers in the general practice of law, but does not license or certify any lawyer / attorney as an expert or specialist in any field of practice. Is a nolo contendere plea a criminal conviction in Rhode Island (RI)? Rhode Island Probation: a Period Of Extreme Risk! Rhode Island Divorce FAQS- answered by a Rhode Island Divorce Lawyer. Rhode Island Divorce: Equitable does not always mean equal! What constitutes marital Property? Rhode Island DUI/ DWI/ Breathalyzer Refusal- Should I refuse the breathalyzer test? Erase and Expunge Dismissed Criminal Records in Rhode Island (RI)! 8 arguments that usually dont work in Rhode Island Family Court! Rhode Island (RI) Law:What is Title Insurance and should I get title insurance? Where do I obtain a Rhode Island restraining order- Family, District or Superior Court?

SUPREME COURT COMPOUND, NEW DELHI-110001. 1. This scheme provide legal services to the middle income group citizens i.e. citizens whose gross income is not exceeding Rs.60,000/- p.m. The Scheme is known as “SUPREME COURT MIDDLE INCOME GROUP LEGAL AID SCHEME”. The scheme is self supporting and the initial capital of the Scheme shall be contributed by the first Executive Committee. The schedule of fee and expenses as appended to the Scheme shall be in force and is liable to be amended by the Society from time to time. The office bearers of the Scheme shall meet at least once in two months or earlier if so deemed / expedient and necessary. 2. The Scheme will be applicable for case intended to be filed in Supreme Court. 4. There will be a panel of Advocates including Advocate-on-Record under the Scheme. While drawing up the panel care be taken to include one Advocate, but not exceeding two, knowing Regional Language in the territory of India in which the work is conducted in the Court below.

The panel Advocates shall given an undertaking in writing that they will abide by the terms and conditions of the Scheme upon assignment of a case under the Scheme. 6. As soon as the papers are received they would be assigned to the Advocate-on-Record of the choice indicated by an applicant upon his request under the scheme. 7. The applicant may indicate any 3 names both in relation to the Advocate-on-Record or the arguing Counsel or the Senior Counsel as the case may be in the order of preference from out of the panel maintained by Society. The Society would attempt to honour the choice indicated. However, the final right to assign the papers of the applicant under the Scheme to any Advocate-on-Record or the arguing Counsel or Senior Counsel will remain with the Supreme Court Middle Income Group Legal Aid Society. 8. Any intending litigant desirous of availing the benefit of the Scheme shall have to fill up the form prescribed and accept all the terms and conditions contained therein.

The proforma shall also contain a schedule of fee and expenses as application from time to time. A sum of Rs.500/- shall be payable to the Supreme Court Middle Income Group Legal Aid Society (SCMIGLAS) as service charges. The schedule shall indicate the fee payable for various items of work and shall also indicate the Court fees and the approximate expenses for preparation of the Court record. The applicant shall have to deposit the fee indicated by the Secretary, which will be in accordance with the schedule attached to the Scheme. It is the Secretary, who will register the case under the MIG Legal Aid Scheme and proceed to forward the papers to the Advocate-on-Record/Arguing Counsel/Senior Counsel on the panel for opinion. 9. That the Executive Committee of the Scheme will open a S.B. Account with the UCO Bank, Supreme Court Compound in the name of “Supreme Court Middle Income Group Legal Aid Society”.

The account will be operated by any three members of the Executive Committee authorised by the Committee and the signature of any two members shall be sufficient to operate the account. 10. All sums received under the scheme including grants in aid will be accounted for by a person to be nominated in that behalf and duty audited. 11. The amount so received under the Scheme will be used to defray all the expenses including the salaries and all expenses duly approved by the Executive Committee. 13. The amount indicated by the Secretary on the basis of the estimate details shall be deposited by the applicant in cash or by way of a Bank Draft. 14. The initial expenses for printing of forms and other office expenses would be borne by initial corpus of the Scheme. 15. The pattern of payment of fee to the Advocates under the Scheme will be same as per the schedule as applicable from time to time. 15A. What documents are required from the litigants in approaching the Supreme Court.

The applicants are required to submit the applications forms to the MIG Society alongwith full documentations. Court judgements/order and other relevant documents. If these are in a language other than English, please try and send translated copies. 16. On the assigning of a case to an Advocate under the Scheme the intending litigant will be directed to deposit with the Society the fee and expenses as per schedule as assessed by the Secretary. The payment to the Advocate or the service charges payable to the Scheme as stated in the schedule shall be in cash or bank draft. 18. After a complaint is received by the Society from the litigant and/ or the concerned Advocate against the litigant / Advocate then the Committee after enquiry may take such action as is deemed fit and necessary. Further, the Society would not be responsible for the negligent conduct of the case but the entire responsibility will that be of the Advocate vis-a-vis the client. The name of the Advocate would however, be struck off from the panel prepared under the Scheme. SCHEDULE OF FEE FOR ADVOCATE ON RECORD /ADVOCATES. 3. Honorarium for hearing of the matter at final disposal stage inclusive of adjournment, if any, and / or at appeal stage. 1.Honorarium for drafting counter affidavit/ statement of objection and all other necessary applications including application for vacating stay and appearance inclusive of all conferences, upto admission stage excluding final disposal at notice stage. 2. Honorarium for hearing of matter at final disposal stage including adjournment, if any, and / or at appeal stage. 2. Honorarium for appearance at the admission stage / after notice. 3. Honorarium for appearance at final disposal/appeal stage.

The Michigan Supreme Court has adopted a new version of Rule 7.3 that prohibits solicitation of accident victims within 30 days of the accident or injury. The rule will implement regulation that is permissible in light of the Supreme Court’s decision in Florida Bar v. Went For It. The decision was not unanimous, though. There are dissents. For more on the story and a good quote from one of the dissenting opinions, go here. Florida Bar v. Went for It is a terrible decision. It is illogical and inconsistent with prior precedent. It therefore set a bad precedent and it is not encouraging to see states following it. But it is what it is. It is still the law of the land. I have not seen the new Michigan rule so I can’t comment on it. The one thing I do hope is that it, at least, applies to both plaintiffs and defendants’ lawyers. This was one of the main problems with the rule in question in Went for it. Because of its wording, it only applied to plaintiffs’ lawyers leaving victims vulnerable to personal visits by defendants’ lawyers. The rule simply did not advance the state interest in protecting the victims from intrusion. This was a fatal flaw in the rule that the Court chose to ignore. I hope the Michigan Court has not ignored this point.

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Firm Description: AAV Legal is a law firm with a sophisticated business law practice and a dynamic commercial litigation practice. We take pride in our ability to address novel, cutting-edge legal questions as well as resolve more traditional business law issues for our clients. Whether a client is negotiating an acquisition or litigating a contract dispute, we strive to understand fully the client’s business objectives and ensure that those objectives are achieved by providing timely, responsive and innovative legal services. We advise each of our clients with a pragmatic approach, using the talents of a versatile array of practitioners. From the beginning of an enterprise to its ultimate disposition, we help our clients structure their businesses. Off Address: S-571, 2nd Floor, G.K. Firm Description: Founded in 2010, JUS REMEDIUM is a new generation full service law firm with the objective of keeping in tune with the changing times and realities in the legal regime. Firm provides its clients with services that combine responsiveness, innovation and technical excellence, emphasising practicality and commercial awareness.

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